Ethical Provision of Researches (연구윤리규정)


Research Ethics Regulations


Section 1. General Provisions

Article 1 (Purpose): The purpose of Research Ethics Regulations is to prescribe the ethical standards for the manuscripts to be published by The Journal of Chinese Character Studies (hereafter JCCS).


Article 2 (Scope): The regulation shall be applied to research misconduct which violates research ethics, including plagiarism, forgery and duplicate publication.


Section II. Specific Provisions of Research Ethics
Article 3 (Definition): Research misconduct refers to such unethical act as plagiarism, duplicate publication, forgery, falsification and so on.


Article 4 (Prohibition of forgery and falsehood):

  1. 1. A researcher should not forge any research data, record or report research results which do not exist.
  2. 2. A researcher should not fabricate or forge research data or results with intent to deceive.
  3. 3. A researcher may partially use research data by other persons, s/he must specify correct indication of its source or citation.


Article 5 (Prohibition of Plagiarism):

  1. 1. Researchers should not use other people's ideas, research procedures and research results without revealing the clear indication of the source or should not publish unjustly their own research results already published without citing sources.
  2. 2. If there is the suspicion of plagiarism, research ethics committee will be held to investigate it.
  3. 3. When plagiarism is confirmed, the author shall be forbidden to submit articles for three years.


Article 6 (Prohibition of Duplicate Publication):

  1. 1. “Duplicate publication” refers to re-publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one previously published.
  2. 2. The researchers must not publish their own article twice.
  3. 3. The researchers who submit sections of a PhD dissertation without modification may be considered duplicate publication.
  4. 4. If a researcher publishes a academic book including his article(s) of JCCS, permission should be obtained from JCCS, and the information will appear in the published book.
  5. 5. It is possible that researchers translate their research results previously published in another language, and submit translated manuscripts to JCCS, in which case they should provide the source of the original text(s). This is to promote knowledge transfer and to stimulate academic interaction and exchange in the journal’s field.
  6. 6. The revised and reworked manuscripts from conference papers and proceedings, the manuscripts other than peer-reviewed journals, notes or drafts unloaded at personal web sites can be submitted to JCCS. Those revised versions should inform that the paper has been published elsewhere with note.
  7. 7. When using their own or another’s research results, researchers must provide all the necessary citation information for the sources.


Chapter III Research Ethics Committee

Article 7 (Purpose): Research ethics committee (hereafter ‘the Committee’) is to consider ethical issues arising from research, to establish research ethics, to prevent and investigate research misconduct. The identity of an informant who has informed JCCS of plagiarism, forging and so on should not be disclosed.


Article 8 (Organization):

  1. 1. When they need to review research misconduct, the Committee shall be convened by Chair. It shall be composed of five members including the Editor-in-chief by the consensus of the JCCS Board of Directors.
  2. 2. More than 50% of the Committee members should be those with expertise and knowledge in journal’s field.
  3. 3. Those who have a conflict of interest with respect to the research under investigation cannot be appointed as a Committee member.
  4. 4. The Committee should preserve the ethical duty of confidentiality.


Article 9 (Authority):

  1. 1. In the course of investigation, the Committee has the right to require the attendance for statement to the suspected researcher(s), informer(s), informant(s) and person(s) for reference, and demand the submission of research data, evidence material, and so on.
  2. 2. If the suspected researchers refuse the request of the Committee without proper reason, they shall be considered to admit the alleged violation of the regulation.
  3. 3. The Committee must give the researchers reported of violating the ethics regulations sufficient opportunity to speak and defend themselves before making decisions.


Article 10 (Disciplinary Actions):

  1. 1. Based on the judgement and decision on the unethical acts, the Committee shall determine disciplinary actions including verbal warnings, written warnings, prohibition of further submission, suspension of the membership, rejection of publication, etc.
  2. 2. The prohibition of paper submission and suspension of the membership shall be continued for three years.


Article 11 (Record): All investigation, consideration and determination process must be recorded in documents and preserved for 5 years.


Article 12 (Notification): The Chair must submit to the accused, the informant, and those involved a written report which describes the Committee’s decision on the research misconduct immediately.


Article 13 (Appeal): The researcher(s) or the informants may challenge the Committee’s decision by submitting written appeal to within twenty working days, indicating the specific reason that the decision is viewed as unjust.

Article 14 (Obligation of Confidentiality):

  1. 1. The committee must protect the informant and make the best effort not to violate the honor of the inspected.
  2. 2. The documentary evidence and all actions taken in the investigation, recommendations, decision of the Committee shall be confidential. When a final decision imposing sanction is made, the Committee shall disclose the necessary information after discussion.
  3. 3. Those who participated in the Committee or the investigation process either directly or indirectly, they should not disclose any information they acquired in the process.


Chapter IV: Supplementary Provisions

  1. 1. The Ethical research regulations of JCCS shall comes into force as from September 1, 2009.


Formulated on November 1, 2009
Revised on June 21, 2010
Revised on March 1, 2011
Revised on June 21, 2011
Revised on August 31, 2011
Revised on September 1, 2012
Revised on December 1, 2013
Revised on April 15, 2014
Revised on September 1, 2014
Revision: April 10, 2015